FAKTOR - FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN TERHADAP KEBERHASILAN PENGOBATAN TB PARU DI KECAMATAN BANAWA KABUPATEN DONGGALA

AGUNG SEPTANTO (2023) FAKTOR - FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN TERHADAP KEBERHASILAN PENGOBATAN TB PARU DI KECAMATAN BANAWA KABUPATEN DONGGALA. Undergraduate Theses thesis, Universitas Tadulako.

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Abstract

FAKTOR - FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN TERHADAP KEBERHASILAN PENGOBATAN TB PARU DI KECAMATAN BANAWA KABUPATEN DONGGALA Agung Septanto* Sarifuddin Anwar ** *Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Departemen Anatomi, Mahasiswa Kedokteran, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tadulako ABSTRAK Pendahuluan: Tuberkulosis (TB) adalah penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh kuman Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Ketidakpatuhan pengobatan TB paru merupakan penyebab terpenting kegagalan pengobatan TB. Pengobatan TB paru yang lama membuat pasien bosan dan menimbulkan ketidakberhasilan pengobatan. Faktor yang berhubungan terhadap keberhasilan pengobatan dapat berasal dari internal maupun eksternal penderita, seperti tingkat pendidikan, wilayah tempat tinggal, sikap petugas kesehatan, dukungan keluarga, akses pelayanan kesehatan, dan efek samping OAT. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui faktor - faktor yang berhubungan terhadap keberhasilan pengobatan TB Paru di Kecamatan Banawa Kabupaten Donggala. Metode: Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional (non- eksperimental) dengan metode analitik serta pendekatan Cross Sectional. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan Total Sampling dengan jumlah sampel 90 orang. Instrument yang digunakan adalah kuesioner. Analisis statistik menggunakan uji chi-square. Hasil: Hasil yang didapatkan adalah adanya hubungan antara efek samping OAT, akses pelayanan kesehatan, dan sikap petugas kesehatan terhadap keberhasilan pengobatan TB paru dengan p-value 0,041; 0,000; 0,011. Tidak adanya hubungan antara tingkat pendidikan, wilayah tempat tinggal, dan dukungan keluarga terhadap keberhasilan pengobatan TB Paru dengan p-value 0,377; 0,729; 0,589. Kesimpulan: Terdapat faktor yang berhubungan terhadap keberhasilan pengobatan TB Paru yaitu efek samping OAT, akses pelayanan kesehatan, dan sikap petugas kesehatan. Terdapat faktor yang tidak berhubungan terhadap keberhasilan pengobatan TB Paru yaitu tingkat pendidikan, wilayah tempat tinggal, dan dukungan keluarga. Alat Kunci: Faktor Pendukung, Keberhasilan Pengobatan TB FACTORS RELATED TO THE SUCCESS OF LUNG TB TREATMENT IN BANAWA DISTRICT, DONGGALA REGENCY Agung Septanto* Sarifuddin Anwar ** *Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, Tadulako University ABSTRACT Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium of mycobacterium tuberculosis. Pulmonary TB treatment non-adherence is the most important cause of TB treatment failure. Long-term pulmonary TB treatment makes patients bored and causes treatment failure. Factors related to the success of treatment can come from internal or external to the patient, such as education level, area of residence, attitude of health workers, family support, access to health services, and side effects of OAT. Objective: To determine factors related to the success of pulmonary TB treatment in Banawa District, Donggala Regency. Methods: This type of research is an observational (non-experimental) research with an analytical method and a Cross Sectional approach. The sampling technique used was Total Sampling with a sample of 90 people. The instrument used was a questionnaire. Statistical analysis used was chi-square test. Results: The results of this research reveals that there is a relationship between OAT side effects, access to health services, and the attitude of health workers to the success of pulmonary TB treatment with each p-value of 0.041; 0.000; 0.011. There is no relationship between education level, area of residence, and family support on the success of pulmonary TB treatment with each p-value of 0.377; 0.729; 0.589. Conclusion: There are factors related to the success of pulmonary TB treatment, namely the side effects of OAT, access to health services, and the attitude of health workers. There are factors that are not related to the success of pulmonary TB treatment, such as: the level of education, area of residence, and family support. Keywords: Supporting Factors, Success of TB Treatment

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate Theses)
Subjects: University Structure > Faculty of Medicine > Medical Science
S1 - Undergraduate Thesis > Faculty of Medicine > Medical Science
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Medical Science
Tadulako Subject Areas > S1 - Undergraduate Thesis > Faculty of Medicine > Medical Science
Depositing User: system estd estd
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2023 07:03
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2023 06:35
URI: http://repository.untad.ac.id/id/eprint/11401

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